Aluminium Garden Furniture History
Aluminium garden furniture history started in 1787 when scientists believed that they discovered a metal element in alum.
The challenge was how to extract the metal from the compound. It wasn’t until a Danish scientist in 1825 invented a process to produce small quantities of pure aluminium, that this became commercially viable.
This metal has an atomic number of 13 and an atomic weight of 26.98 with a 660° Centigrade melting point (approx. 1220 Fahrenheit).
The boiling point of this rust-free metal is 2519°C (4566°F). This versatile metal has a density of 2.7 g/cm³ and is solid at room temperature.
The word aluminium comes from the Latin word alumen and is the most prevalent metal on the surface of the earth. This metal is unfortunately never found on its own, it is often in combination with other elements in compound form such as alum or metal oxide. This metal element accounts for over 8% of the earth’s outer crust!
These days, pure aluminium and metal alloys are used in various parts of industry and commerce; kitchen items; soda cans; plane parts, foil, building applications and metal garden furniture of course.
In the 1920s, this robust metal started to be used increasingly in construction. It started out in decorative detailing like the art deco movement. However, by the 1930s internal parts and large metal structures started to be used in the construction sector, like the Empire State Building.
This metal is very easy to recycle and as much as 85% of this metal used today is recycled. When this metal is melted it separates very easily and as a result, recycling is extremely cost-efficient.
Aluminium Garden Furniture History – Landmark Facts
Aluminium, for the first time in huge quantities, was used to construct the Empire State Building in 1930.
Leadership environment energy & design (LEED) – aluminium is now LEED standard qualified.
In the 1950s, production of metal garden furniture began, first in America, then quickly in Europe as the metal doesn’t rust and is strong.
Aluminium Garden Furniture History – The Empire State Building
It has been over 90 years since aluminium was used in the construction of the Empire State building and it is still in excellent condition and requires zero maintenance. The original windows were made of steel and these have deteriorated since then and they were recently replaced with windows of aluminium frames!
Initially, it was a very expensive process to extract this metal, but with the technological advances, the extraction process in America became cost-effective by the 1920s.
Construction of today’s skyscrapers would be impossible without the use of this metal because at the same strength as other metals, aluminium weighs 60% less.
Aluminium was good enough for the construction of the Empire State Building, therefore it must be good enough for metal garden furniture!